Income Report on the Average Income of the Population
The income report offers primarily information on the level and structure of income distribution. It displays the income of the Austrian population in the categories employed persons and self-employed persons as well as pensioners. Furthermore, it breaks down the income of women and men as well as the income in different industries, occupational groups and functions. It also contains data from the category agriculture and forestry. It presents the development of the average gross annual income of working people adjusted for inflation in comparison to the consumer price index (CPI) and also the income of pensioners in comparison to the price index of pensioner households. Moreover, it draws a comparison between the income in the private and in the public sector.
In accordance with its legal mandate, the Austrian Court of Audit (ACA) biannually presents the income report to the National Council, the Federal Council and the provincial diets. The ACA submitted the report on the years 2014 and 2015 in December 2016.
In the report the ACA stated that women were still earning noticeably less money within all of the employment groups in comparison to men; in 2015 the average income of women reached 62% of the average income of men. Furthermore the gross annual income depended to a significant degree on the industrial sector in which a person was employed. The highest gross annual income (according to the Austrian statistical classification ÖNACE 2008) was reached in the industries: energy supply (median 2015: EUR 54,784), financial and insurance services (EUR 44,320) and information and communication services (EUR 40,600). The by far lowest incomes could be found in the following industries: accommodation and food services (average gross annual income 2015: EUR 10,429). Furthermore, the income generated in the industries support service activities and arts, entertainment and recreational activities was relatively low as it reached only EUR 16,143 and 14,739 EUR respectively.
In direct correlation with education and qualification, the median income of managers (EUR 60,884) reaches almost four times the income of unskilled labourers (EUR 14,862). In 2015 persons with an academic degree reached a median annual income of EUR 40,966.
Managers and persons with an academic degree aside, professions in the manufacturing sector reach a median income of EUR 32,492. In the category crafts and related occupations as well as in the occupational group plant and machine operator and assembler the median income reaches EUR 30,506 and is thus higher than the income in the field of service occupations, which amounts to a median income of EUR 15,593. Occupations in the manufacturing sector simultaneously display smaller disparities with regard to income.
Persons working in the manufacturing sector are still predominantly male. Women are also considerably underrepresented among managers, but at the same time they dominate in the field of service occupations and among office workers and unskilled labourers. The occupational groups dominated by women are at the same time the groups containing a disproportionate number of persons in part-time employment. The large share of women especially in poorly paid occupations, where a disproportionate share of part-time employment can be observed, naturally reflects itself in the gender-specific income differences. Overall, the average income of women ranks at only 62% in comparison to the respective figure in the case of men.
Besides part-time employment, the income report also covers other atypical forms of employment, such as minor employment, temporary work and employment via short-term and temporary employment agencies. 42% of employed persons are in an employment that meets at least one of the aforementioned criteria for atypical forms of employment (including part-time employment). Women are much more affected by atypical forms of employment than men. More than half of the women (61%), but only less than one fourth of men (24%) are atypically employed. By reaching a median gross annual income of EUR 12,483, atypically employed persons earn one third of what persons in typical employment earn (EUR 37,221).
Large income differences between women and men can also be observed in the field of self-employment. In the industry social activities, veterinary medicine and health, which represents the industry with the fourth highest income, women on the average reach an income that ranks 12% below the income of men. The lowest income difference between exclusively self-employed women and men can be observed in the industry arts, entertainment and recreational activities. In this industry women reach an average income of EUR 6,617, which is overall quite low and represents 73% of the average income of exclusively self-employed men in this industry (EUR 9,059 EUR).
A comparison between the development of the high incomes and the low incomes highlights the widening of the income gap that has been observed since 1998. However, this trend had been interrupted in 2006 and 2007, but it continued during the last eight years covered by the report.
The summary within the current report has been redesigned. Now it also contains tables and charts (up until now it only contained texts). The overview sheet with the most important results is a new feature as well.
Furthermore, the QR code can now be found on the back of the report, which means that the corresponding documents of the report can be accessed directly online with, for example, a smart phone.
While the previous income reports on the average income of the population also contained a CD with detailed tables (statistical annex), the PDF version of the statistical annex of the current report can now be found on the website of the ACA.